Desafios ao desenvolvimento do Estado de bem-estar social em Portugal e na Grécia

uma história de dois países sob pressão da Troika

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v4i00.16533

Palavras-chave:

Estado de bem-estar social, Reformas neoliberais, Desigualdade de renda, Desemprego

Resumo

Portugal e Grécia, em crise, adotaram programas de ajuste econômico (2010-2018) para receber empréstimos oferecidos pela Troika. Ambos estão entre os países mais pobres e desiguais da UE e seus Estados de Bem-estar foram construídos recentemente. Nosso principal objetivo de pesquisa é realizar uma análise comparativa do impacto das reformas da política social nos gastos públicos, desenvolvimento e indicadores de bem-estar, tais como pobreza, desigualdade, desemprego, renda líquida e emigração. Se os resultados diferiram nos dois casos, quais são as razões? É devido aos níveis de crescimento anteriores, a fatores exógenos (programas de ajuste) ou endógenos (modelos de estado de bem-estar), ou aos governos pós-Troika? Recolhemos evidências da literatura especializada, documentos de arquivos estatais e relatórios de avaliação do FMI e da Comissão Europeia. Elaboramos um conjunto de dados estatísticos recuperados do Eurostat. Constatamos que componentes do Estado de bem-estar – isto é, os níveis de saúde e emprego – foram profundamente afetados na Grécia e explicamos os processos de divergência em direção a um modelo universalista.

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Biografia do Autor

Kleoniki Alexopoulou, Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Doutorado em História Económica e Social pela Universidade de Leiden. Pesquisador pós-doc na Nova School of Business and Economics pela Universidade Nova de Lisboa.

Luciano Amaral, Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Professor assistente adjunto da Nova School of Business and Economics pela Universidade Nova de Lisboa.

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Publicado

2022-10-06

Como Citar

Alexopoulou, K., & Amaral, L. (2022). Desafios ao desenvolvimento do Estado de bem-estar social em Portugal e na Grécia: uma história de dois países sob pressão da Troika. RBEST Revista Brasileira De Economia Social E Do Trabalho, 4(00), e022005. https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v4i00.16533