Disputa política e evolução do National Social Protection Policy Framework (NSPPF) no Zimbábue

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v4i00.16531

Palavras-chave:

Proteção social, Política social, Arena política - Zimbábue

Resumo

O aumento da proteção social na África é um fenômeno global complexo moldado por uma ampla gama de atores que interagem em diferentes níveis e cujo acesso ao espaço político e grau de influência são determinados pelo poder e pelos interesses que cada ator detém. Da mesma forma, no Zimbábue, o desenvolvimento do National Social Protection Policy Framework (NSPPF) foi uma disputa política entre o governo e diferentes agências externas (instituições financeiras internacionais, organizações não-governamentais internacionais e agências das Nações Unidas); dentro do próprio governo; e dentro das próprias agências externas. Este artigo analisa o processo de desenvolvimento do NSPPF e conclui que a ampliação da proteção social na África precisa ser entendida como uma questão política, e não como um mero processo técnico. Cada ator foi direcionado por uma posição ideológica diferente, pressionando para prevalecer sobre os interesses dos outros atores. À medida que a influência de agências externas prevaleceu nessa política, o “sucesso” veio com o custo de uma baixa apropriação nacional, que tornou sua implementação incerta.

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Biografia do Autor

Samuel Kapingidza, Universidade de Johannesburg, África do Sul

Pesquisador de pós-doutorado no Centro de Desenvolvimento Social na África, Universidade de Johannesburg, África do Sul.

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Publicado

2022-11-12

Como Citar

Kapingidza, S. (2022). Disputa política e evolução do National Social Protection Policy Framework (NSPPF) no Zimbábue. RBEST Revista Brasileira De Economia Social E Do Trabalho, 4(00), e022011. https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v4i00.16531