Situação e características do mercado de trabalho coreano (2008-2018)

Autores

  • Kyungran Kim Universidade Estadual de Campinas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v2i.13721

Palavras-chave:

Mercado de trabalho, Segmentação do mercado de trabalho, Salário mínimo, Coréia do Sul

Resumo

Este artigo examina a situação e as características estruturais do mercado de trabalho coreano desde a crise financeira global em 2008. Embora o mercado de trabalho coreano tenha sido resiliente após essa crise, há questões que requerem atenção, incluindo a elevada desigualdade de rendimentos, uma força de trabalho envelhecida, o aumento de empregos atípicos e o aumento das taxas de desemprego juvenil. A força de trabalho coreana dividiu-se claramente não apenas pelo tipo de emprego, mas também pelo tamanho das empresas (grandes corporações e PMEs). Portanto, o principal problema do emprego se origina basicamente do aprofundamento da estrutura dual no mercado de trabalho. Este artigo apresenta uma breve caracterização do mercado de trabalho da Coreia do Sul, analisando em detalhe os principais indicadores de emprego. Analisa também as diferenças salariais e as condições de trabalho por tipo de emprego e tamanho da empresa, com foco no mercado de trabalho dual. Além disso, examina a situação atual do trabalho em plataformas digitais, que emergiu como uma área importante do mercado de trabalho, e a tendência do salário mínimo, que flutuou nos últimos dois anos

Biografia do Autor

Kyungran Kim, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Doutorado em andamento em Desenvolvimento Econômico pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas.

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Publicado

2020-07-20

Como Citar

Kim, K. (2020). Situação e características do mercado de trabalho coreano (2008-2018). RBEST: Revista Brasileira De Economia Social E Do Trabalho, 2(00), e020002. https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v2i.13721