Os efeitos da Indústria 4.0 no desemprego e na desigualdade

De volta ao básico

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v3i00.15802

Palavras-chave:

Indústria 4.0, Tecnologia, Emprego, Desigualdade

Resumo

O artigo desenvolve uma leitura crítica da literatura que correlaciona os avanços tecnológicos da Indústria 4.0 com pioras nos níveis de desemprego e de desigualdade salarial. Alguns dos limites e inconsistências dessa literatura são destacados, especialmente a sua dificuldade de explicar movimentos contemporâneos da manufatura e suas consequências sociais. Argumenta-se então que uma análise baseada no arcabouço teórico da economia política pós-Keynesiana parece mais adequada para o estudo do tema, pois tal arcabouço sublinha a importância da demanda efetiva e do contexto político e internacional para a determinação do nível de emprego e salário. O artigo conclui por rejeitar a hipótese teórica do mainstream econômico que correlaciona desemprego e/ou desigualdade com progresso tecnológico.

 

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Biografia do Autor

Rafael Palma Mungioli, Banco Nacional do Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social

Mestre em Economia Política Internacional pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Atua como economista do Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social.

Gabriel Marino Daudt, Banco Nacional do Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social

Doutorando em Economia pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Economista do Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social.

Luiz Daniel Willcox, Banco Nacional do Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social

Doutor em Ciência Econômica pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Professor da IBMEC e gerente no Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social.

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Publicado

2021-10-17

Como Citar

Mungioli, R. P., Daudt, G. M., & Willcox, L. D. (2021). Os efeitos da Indústria 4.0 no desemprego e na desigualdade : De volta ao básico. RBEST Revista Brasileira De Economia Social E Do Trabalho, 3(00), e021008. https://doi.org/10.20396/rbest.v3i00.15802