Prosodic boundary incongruences in oral reading

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/joss.v10i00.15826

Keywords:

Oral reading, Actor identification, Prosodic boundaries

Abstract

Background: Characteristics of oral readings are well studied in school-aged children and teenagers, but not in educated adults. Objectives: Assess the prevalence of prosodic boundary incongruences in oral readings of adult, native, educated, Brazilian Portuguese speakers and analyze their correlations with specific linguist features. Design, settings, and participants: We studied an online video corpus of political speeches delivered by house members of the Brazilian parliament between 2017 and 2018, and their respective written texts. Measurements: We assessed a) prosodic boundary incongruences between oral readings and written texts, b) actor prototypicality of the subjects, c) thematic continuity of the sentences, and d) a variable called 'sufficiency', related to the concept of argumenthood, assorting each word according to its need for complementary words. The inter-rater reliability of the author's perceptions of incongruences underwent Cohen's Kappa test. Results: In 5 hours of oral readings, we found a median of 1.4 prosodic boundary incongruences per minute (interquartile range: 0.766 - 2.212). 80% of the incongruences were insertions of non-terminal or terminal boundaries. Prosodic boundary incongruency correlated positively with a) thematic continuity of the incongruent sentences (p-value = 0.0006345), b) the concept of 'sufficiency' (p-value < 2.2e-16); and correlated negatively with c) first-person subjects (p-value = 0.0002584). Limitations: The assessment of the variables was subjective, and we did not control sentences for their lengths when analyzing variables 'b' and 'c'. Conclusions: Prosodic boundary incongruences were relatively common in our corpus. We introduced some hypotheses to explain the results.

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Author Biographies

André Luiz de Faria Leite, University of Brasília

Postgraduate Program in Linguistics, University of Brasilia

Aveliny Mantovan Lima, University of Brasilia

Professor of the Postgraduate Program in Linguistics and the Phonoaudiology Course, University of Brasilia

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Published

2021-11-08

How to Cite

1.
Leite AL de F, Lima AM. Prosodic boundary incongruences in oral reading. J. of Speech Sci. [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 8 [cited 2022 Aug. 15];10(00):e021001. Available from: https://econtents.bc.unicamp.br/inpec/index.php/joss/article/view/15826

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