Ultrasonographic analysis of coronal fricative phonemes

perceptual and visual appraisal

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/joss.v10i00.15766

Keywords:

Language, Ultrasonography, Speech, Child, Articulation disorders

Abstract

To compare the tongue contour in different groups (children with typical, atypical phonological development and adults) in the production of fricative children, through ultrasound videos. The six participants were divided in three groups: Group DF - two children with phonological processes anteriorization of fricative (/ʃ/→ [s]), (both with seven years), group DT - two children with typical development of language (eight and nine years old) and group AD - two adults, all speakers of Brazilian Portuguese. The videos of the movement of the tongue in the production of target sounds inserted in the words /'sapo/, /'sika/, /'suko/, /'∫ave/, /'∫ike/ and /'∫uva/ were organized and evaluated by three judges speech therapists with experience in this area, guided in VAS. It has been observed that, for two of the judges, there was a significant difference between the words produced by children with DF and CT when compared with the words in contexts and vowel [i] and [u], and the productions of these children /∫/→[s] and /s/→[s], respectively, but not for words accompanied [a]. When comparing the data of children with DF and AD, there was statistically significant (p-value < 0.05) in the context of vowel [u]. The judges have detected articulatory differences between typical and atypical productions for children, as well as differentiation also as to the production of adults.

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Author Biographies

Maiana Pamplona, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Degree in Speech Therapy from the Federal University of Santa Catarina.

Aline Mara de Oliveira, Federal University of Santa Catarina

PhD in Language Studies from the State University of São Paulo Julio de Mesquita Filho. Adjunct Professor I at the Department of Speech Pathology of the Federal University of Santa Catarina.

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Published

2021-11-29

How to Cite

1.
Pamplona M, Oliveira AM de. Ultrasonographic analysis of coronal fricative phonemes: perceptual and visual appraisal. J. of Speech Sci. [Internet]. 2021Nov.29 [cited 2022Jan.17];10(00):e021002. Available from: https://econtents.bc.unicamp.br/inpec/index.php/joss/article/view/15766

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