El encantamiento de los sitios arqueológicos y la búsqueda de la transformación personal

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/csr.v23i00.14912

Palabras clave:

Energía, Sacralidad, Transformación personal, Megalitos, Carnac

Resumen

Los estudios etnográficos atestiguan cada vez más la conversión de sitios arqueológicos en lugares utilizados para una miríada de propósitos espirituales asociados a la cultura de la transformación personal. Analizando los datos recopilados en las prácticas espirituales contemporáneas llevadas a cabo en Carnac, un sitio megalítico ubicado en el noroeste de Francia, este artículo sostiene que la re-significación de los lugares antiguos como ‘sagrados’ y ‘energéticos’ es una estrategia para desarrollar y representar la búsqueda interior y el trabajo en uno mismo. Los datos recopilados proporcionan comprensión sobre las conceptualizaciones y usos que los actores le otorgan a dicho lugar, al tiempo que sugiere nuevas líneas de investigación para evaluar las relaciones entre espiritualidad, transformación personal y el encantamiento de los sitios arqueológicos.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Yael Dansac, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales

Egresado de la École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales).

Citas

ABRAHAMS, Roger D.. Ordinary and Extraordinary Experience. In: TURNER, Victor W.; BRUNER, Edward M. (Org.). The Anthropology of Experience. Urbana & Chicago: University of Illinois Press, pp. 45-72, 1986.

ALBANESE, Catherine L. The Aura of Wellness: Subtle Energy Healing and New Age Religion. In: Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation, v.10, n.1, pp. 29-55, 2000.

ANDERSON, Terry H.. The Movement and the Sixties: Protest in America From Greensboro to Wounded Knee. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

ANTTONEN, Veikko. Space, Body, and the Notion of Boundary: A Category-theoretical Approach to Religion. In: Temenos, v.41, n.2, pp. 185-201, 2005.

BADONE, Ellen. Ethnography, Fiction and the Meanings of the Past in Brittany. In: American Ethnologist, v.18, n.3, pp. 518-545, 1991.

BASTIDE, Roger. Le sacré sauvage. In: SociologieS [on line], Découvertes / Redécouvertes, Roger Bastide, 2010, put online on September 8 2010, accessed August 1 2018.

BERTHO, Catherine. L’invention de la Bretagne : Genèse sociale d’un stéréotype. In: Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, v.35, n.1, pp. 45-62, 1980.

BLAIN, Jenny; Robert J. WALLIS. Sacred Sites, Contested Rites / Rights. Contemporary Pagan Engagements with the Past. In: Journal of Material Culture, v.9, n.3, pp. 237-261, 2004.

BOISMOREAU, Émile. Notes à propos de l’utilisation thérapeutique des mégalithes dans la Bretagne. In: Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique de France, v.14, n.3, pp. 158-160, 1917.

BONVIN, Jacques. Mégalithes. Lieux d’énergie. Paris: Mosaïque, 2008.

BOWMAN, Marion. Contemporary Celtic spirituality. In: PEARSON, Joanne (Org.). Belief Beyond Boundaries. London: Ashgate & The Open University, pp. 55-101, 2002.

BOWMAN, Marion. Ancient Avalon, New Jerusalem, Heart Charkra of the Earth: The Local and the Global in Glastonbury. In: Numen International Review for the History of Religions, v.52, n.2, pp. 157-190, 2005.

BUTLER, Jenny. Neo-pagan ritual practice as Visual Culture and Creative Expression of Identity. In: KOCKEL, Ullrich; NIC CRAITH, Mairead (Orgs.). Communicating Cultures. London: Transaction Publishers, pp. 108-128, 2004.

CARD, Jeb J.. Archaeology and New Religious Movements. In: Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, v.22, n.4, pp. 5-12, 2019.

CHANVALLON, Stéphanie. L’homme et la nature: en quête/enquête sensible. In: Nature, Sciences, Sociétés, v.19, n.4, pp. 355-364, 2011.

CHARUTY, Giordana. De la preuve à l’épreuve. In: Terrain, v.14, pp. 47-59, 1990.

CHRYSSIDES, George D. Defining the New Age. In: KEMP Daren; LEWIS James R. (Ed.). Handbook of New Age. Leiden: Brill, pp. 5-24, 2007.

COCO Angela; WOODWARD, Ian. Discourses of Authenticity Within a Pagan Community: The Emergence of the ‘Fluffy Bunny’ Sanction. In: Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, v.36, pp. 479-504, 2007.

DANSAC, Yael. La marchandisation des pratiques rituelles alternatives dans les mégalithes du Morbihan, France. In: Carta Tepa Mayo 4, Revista de Ciencias Sociales, v.2, n.1, pp. 107-121, 2020a.

DANSAC, Yael. Embodiment Engagements with the megaliths of Carnac: Somatic Experience, Somatic Imagery and Bodily Techniques in Contemporary Spiritual Practices. In: Journal of Religion in Europe, v.13, n.3/4, pp. 300-324, 2020b.

DE LA BORDERIE, Arthur le Moyne. Histoire de la Bretagne, Rennes: H. Vatar, 1905.

DE LA TORRE, Renée. Les rendez-vous manqués de l’anthropologie et du chamanisme. In: Archives de sciences sociales des religions, v.153, pp. 145-158, 2011.

DE LA TORRE, Renée. Los nuevos santuarios de una espiritualidad global: resignificaciones y apropiaciones contemporáneas de los sitios arqueológicos. In Ark Magazine. Espiritualidad y Arqueología, v.7, n.27, pp. 14-20, 2019.

DE LA TORRE, Renée; GUTIÉRREZ ZÚÑIGA, Cristina. La neomexicanidad y los circuitos New Age: ¿Un hibridismo sin fronteras o múltiples estrategias de síntesis espiritual? In: Archives de sciences sociales des religions, n.153, pp. 183-206, 2011.

DE LA PEÑA, Francisco. Profecías de la mexicanidad: entre el milenarismo nacionalista y el New Age. In: Cuicuilco, v.19, n.55, pp. 127-143, 2012.

DEMOULE, Jean-Paul. Naissance de la figure de l’art du paléolithique à l’âge de fer. Paris: Gallimard, 2017.

ENGLISH, Penny. Disputing Stonehenge: law and access to a national symbol. In: Entertainment Law, v.1, n.2, pp. 1-22, 2002.

FEDELE, Anna. Energy and transformation in alternative pilgrimages to Catholic shrines: deconstructing the tourist/pilgrim divide. In: Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, v.12, n.2, pp. 150-165, 2014.

FELDER, Dominique. Les mutants pacifiques: expériences communautaires du «New age» en Californie. Lausanne: Éditions d’en bas, 1985.

GALINIER, Jacques; Antoinette MOLINIé. Les néo-Indiens. Une religion du IIIe millénaire. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2006.

GAUTHIER, Thierry. L’énergie des lieux sacrés. Rennes: éditions Ouest France, 2019.

GIBSON, Margaret. Memorialization and Immortality: Religion, Community and the Internet. In: HUME, Lynne; MCPHILLIPS, Kathleen (Orgs.). Popular Spiritualities: The Politics of Contemporary Enchantment. London: Routledge, pp. 63-76, 2006.

GUÉNIN, George. Les rochers et les mégalithes de Bretagne (Légendes, traditions et superstitions). In: Bulletin de la Société Académique de Brest, v.43, pp. 191-280, 1911.

GUÉNIN, George. Pierres à légendes de la Bretagne. Paris: Les éditions Émile Nourry, 1936.

GUYONVARC’H, Christian J.; LE ROUX, Françoise. Les Druides. Rennes: éditions Ouest France, 1986.

HANEGRAAFF, Wouter J.. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought. Leiden, New York & London: Brill, 1996.

HARVEY, Graham. Contemporary Paganism. Listening People, Speaking Earth. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

HEELAS, Paul. The New Age Movement: Religion, Culture and Society in the Age of Postmodernity, London: Wiley-Blackwell, 1996.

HEELAS, Paul. Spiritualities of Life. In: CLARKE, Peter (Org.). The Oxford Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 758-782, 2009.

HEELAS, Paul; WOODHEAD, Linda. The Spiritual Revolution: Why Religion is Giving Way to Spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.

HEINTZMAN, Paul. Nature-Based Recreation and Spirituality: A Complex Relationship. In: Leisure Science, v.32, pp. 72-89, 2009.

HOUSEMAN, Michael. Comment comprendre l’esthétique affectée des cérémonies New Age et néopaïennes? In: Archives de sciences sociales des religions, v.174, pp. 213-237, 2016.

HUTTON, Ronald. Modern Druidry and Earth Mysteries. In: Time & Mind. The Journal of Archaeology, Consciousness and Culture, v.2, n.3, pp. 313-331, 2009.

INSOLL, Timothy (Org.). The Oxford Handbook for the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

IVAKHIV, Adrian. Nature and Self in New Age Pilgrimage. In: Culture and Religion, v.4, n.1, pp. 93-18, 2003.

KIVARI, Kristel. Dowsing as a link between natural and supernatural. Folkloristic reflections on water veins, earth radiation and dowsing practice. Tartu: University of Tartu Press, 2016.

LE COADIC, Ronan. Le fruit défendu : Force de l’identité culturelle bretonne et faiblesse de son expression politique. In: Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, v.111, n.2, pp. 319–339, 2001.

LE STUMP, Philippe. Le Néo-Druidisme en Bretagne : Origine, naissance et développement, 1890-1914. Rennes: Éditions Ouest-France, 1998.

LÉONARD, Alexis. ‘Nos ancêtres les gaulois’: la celtomanie en France. In: BURLE-ERRECADE, Élodie; NAUDET, Valérie (Orgs.). Fantasmagories du Moyen Âge. Entre médiéval et moyen-âgeux. Aix-en-Provence: Presses Universitaires de Provence, pp. 183-190, 2010.

LESKOVAR, Jutta; KARL, Raimund (Orgs.). Archaeological Sites as Space for Modern Spiritual Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018.

LÓPEZ, Joaquín P. Espiritual pero no religiosa: la cultura de la transformación personal. In: Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones, v.17, pp. 77-99, 2012.

LUCAS, Phillip Charles. Constructing Identity in the Dreamstones: Megalithic Sites and Contemporary Nature Spirituality. In: Nova Religio. The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, v.11, n.1, pp. 31-60, 2007.

MACDONALD, Jeffrey. Inventing Traditions for the New Age: A case of Study of the Earth Energy Tradition. In: Anthropology of Consciousness, v.6, n.4, pp. 31-45, 1995.

MAGLIOCCO, Sabina. Reconnecting to Everything: Fairies in Contemporary Paganism. In: OSTLING, Michael (Org.). Fairies, Demons and Nature Spirits. ‘Small Gods’ at the Margins of Christendom. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 325-347, 2018.

MICHELL, John. The View over Atlantis. London: Sago Press, 1969.

MOSCOVICI, Serge. Réenchanter la nature. Paris: éditions de l’aube, 2002.

NIEL, Fernand. Connaissance des mégalithes. Paris: Éditions Robert Plafond, 1976.

NORA, Pierre. La mémoire collective. In: LE GOFF, Jacques (org.). La nouvelle histoire. Paris: Retz-CEPL, pp. 389-401, 1978.

OWEN, Suzanne; TAIRA, Teemu. The category of “Religion” in Public classification: Charity Registration of the Druid Network in England and Wales. In: STACK, Trevor; GOLDENBERG, Naomi; FITZGERALD, Timothy (Org.). Religion as a category of Governance and Sovereignty, London: Brill, pp. 90-114, 2015.

PICQUENARD, Charles Armand. Notre enquête sur les pardons bretons. In: Revue Morbihannaise, n.6, pp. 301-308, 1910.

PARTRIDGE, Christopher. The Re-Enchantment of the West: Alternative Spiritualities, Sacralization, Popular Culture and Occulture, London: T&T Clark, 2005.

POSSAMAÏ, Adam. Religion and Popular Culture: A Hyper-Real Testament. Brussels: Pie-Peter Lang, 2005.

POSTIC, Fañch; LAURENT, Donatient; SIMON, Jean-François. Reconnaissance d’une culture régionale: la Bretagne depuis la Révolution. In: Ethnologie Française, v.33, n.3, pp. 381-389, 2003.

ROUNTREE, Kathryn. Performing the Divine: Neo-Pagan Pilgrimages and Embodiment at Sacred Sites. In: Body and Society, v.12, n.4, pp. 95-15, 2006.

ROUNTREE, Kathryn. Introduction. Context Is Everything: Plurality and Paradox in Contemporary European Paganisms. In: ROUNTREE, Kathryn (Org.). Contemporary Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Europe: Colonialist and Nationalist Impulses. New York & Oxford: Berghahn, pp. 1–23, 2015.

RUBIO, José Antonio. El espejo irlandés: Panceltismo y nordismo en el discurso nacionalista de Bretaña (1845-1945). In: Ayer, v.84, n.4, pp. 131-158, 2011.

SÉBILLOT, Paul. La Bretagne pittoresque et légendaire. Paris: H. Daragon, 1911.

SCHMITZ, Olivier (Org.). Géobiologie, ondes négatives et discours de légitimation. In: Les médecines en parallèle. Multiplicité des recours au soin en Occident. Paris: Karthala, pp. 103-119, 2006.

SUTCLIFFE, Steven J.; GILHUS, Ingvild. Introduction: “All Mixed Up”- Thinking about Religion in Relation to New Age Spiritualities. In: SUTCLIFFE, Steven J.; GILHUS, Ingvild. (Orgs.). New Age spirituality: Rethinking Religion. New York: Routledge, pp. 17-34, 2014.

TIMOTHY, J. Dallen; CONOVER, Paul J.. Nature religion, self-spirituality and New Age tourism. In: DALLEN, Timothy; OLSEN, Daniel (Orgs.). Tourism, Religion and Spiritual Journeys. London: Routledge, pp. 139-155, 2006.

YORK, Michael. The Emerging Network: A sociology of New Age and Neo-Pagan Movement. Boston: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1995.

VOISENAT, Claudie. Introduction. In: LAGRANGE, Pierre; VOISENAT, Claudie (Orgs.). L’ésotérisme contemporain et ses lecteurs. Entre savoirs, croyances et fictions. Paris: éditions de la Bibliothèque Publique d’Information, pp. 15-116, 2005.

WEBER, Max. From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. London: Routledge & Wright Mills, 1991.

WHITE, Ethan Doyle. Around the Witches’ Circle: Exploring Wicca’s Usage of Archaeological Sites. In: LESKOVAR, Jutta; KARL, Raimund (Orgs.). Archaeological Sites as Space for Modern Spiritual Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 182-193, 2018.

WOOD, Matthew. Possession, Power and the New Age: Ambiguities of Authority in Neoliberal Societies. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Descargas

Publicado

2021-08-31

Cómo citar

Dansac, Y. (2021). El encantamiento de los sitios arqueológicos y la búsqueda de la transformación personal. Ciencias Sociales Y Religión/Ciências Sociais E Religião, 23(00), e021012. https://doi.org/10.20396/csr.v23i00.14912